Wednesday, 20 December 2017


Xerxes is a male name. It is the Greek version of the Old Persian name Xšaya-ṛšā, which is today known in Modern Persian as Khashayar. It may refer to:
Xerxes I of Persia, reigned 486–465 BC
Xerxes II of Persia, reigned 424 BC
Xerxes of Armenia, ruler of Sophene and Commagene from 228 to 201 BC
Xerxes (Sasanian prince), 6th-century prince and general.

Here is a relief that once graced the northern stairs of the Apadana (audience hall of the palace) at Persepolis is one of the most important examples of Achaemenid art. It shows a king receiving an important official, who performs the ritual greeting that is known as proskynesis (obeisance). Several figures are standing to the left and right.

The king sitting on a throne is often identified as Darius the Great (reigned 522-486). Behind him is another important person, the crown prince. If we accept that the king is Darius, this man must be his son Xerxes I of Persia. The man saluting the king is probably the major of the palace, Pharnaces. He announces the arrival of the tribute bearers.

This post is part of the Outdoor Wednesday meme,
and also part of the Wordless Wednesday meme,
and also part of the ABC Wednesday meme.


  1. History of Greece is so interesting. Great take with X.
    Happy ABCW!

  2. Nice image and thanks for the background info as well.
    Have a wonderful holiday, and thanks for joining us at

  3. quit a figure and lots of stories in historie

    Have a ♥=warming ABC-Wednes-day / – week, but most of all Christmas!
    ♫ M e l ☺ d y ♫ (ABC-W-team)

  4. You've caught my attention. Now to go learn more about Xerxes. Happy Holidaze!

  5. Wow, an X that wasn't Xmas - well done!